The forces that shape the organization of object knowledge in the brain
Alfonso Caramazza 教授从1995年开始执教于哈佛大学心理学系，任哈佛大学Daniel and Amy Starch心理学教授，Mind/Brain/Behavior Interfaculty Initiative联合主任，认知神经心理学实验室主任。曾创建约翰霍普金斯大学认知科学系、意大利特伦托大学Center of Mind/Brain Science，并任主任。Alfonso Caramazza 教授的主要方向为探索大脑中词汇和概念系统的组织和处理结构。
We know different kinds of things about objects: their physical attributes, how they are used, their function, where they are likely to be found, their value, and their relation to other objects. What are the principles that guide the representation and organization of this knowledge in the brain? The different forms of object recognition deficit that result from brain damage suggest that both object domain, such as the animate–inanimate distinction, and attributes, such as shape, color, and function, serve as organizing principles of object knowledge. Neuroimaging results support the role of both domain and attributes in the organization of object knowledge as revealed, for example, by the preeminent role of domain in the large-scale organization of occipital-temporal cortex. Recent studies have further shown that this neural organization does not depend on ontogenetic visual or motor experience, drawing renewed attention to the respective roles of experience versus evolutionary pressures in determining such organization. I will propose that domain-specificity in one region of the brain emerges because of innate connectivity with a network of regions that are specialized in processing domain-distinctive information.