学术交流
  • 交流简介
  • 开放课题
  • 讲座信息
  • 会议信息
  • BNU“京师学堂”脑科学前沿系列讲座第三十讲
     
    I:   发展性阅读障碍的神经解剖机制:困难与希望
    Neuroanatomy of Developmental Dyslexia: Pitfalls and Promise

     
    Franck Ramus博士、教授
    巴黎高等师范学校认知科学学院
    法国国家科学研究院
    Professor of Département d'Etudes Cognitives, The Ecole Normale Supérieure, France
    Adjunct Professor of Ecole Normale Supérieure
     
    Franck Ramus教授致力于研究人类语言以及社会认知的发展,并深入探讨相关认知障碍(阅读障碍、言语障碍以及自闭症)的发生发展机制。近些年来,Ramus教授承担了多项与儿童阅读发展及其遗传和认知神经机制相关的重要科学项目,已在包括Science、Nature Neuroscience、Neuron、Brain、Cerebral Cortex等国际重要神经科学学术期刊上发表了上百篇研究论文。取得的研究成果对深入理解阅读障碍、语音缺陷和语言发展的神经基础具有重要贡献。Ramus教授在儿童阅读发展与语言认知研究领域中具有独特的建树和影响力。
     
    报告摘要:Investigations into the neuroanatomical bases of developmental dyslexia have now spanned more than 40 years, starting with the post-mortem examination of a few individual brains in the 60s and 70s, and exploding in the 90s with the widespread use of MRI. The time is now ripe to reappraise the considerable amount of data gathered with MRI using different types of sequences (T1, diffusion, spectroscopy) and analyzed using different methods (manual, voxel-based or surface-based morphometry, fractional anisotropy and tractography, multivariate analyses…). While selective reviews of mostly small-scale studies seem to provide a coherent view of the brain disruptions that are typical of dyslexia, involving left perisylvian and occipito-temporal regions, we argue that this view may be deceptive and that meta-analyses and large-scale studies rather highlight many inconsistencies and limitations. We discuss problems inherent to small sample size as well as methodological difficulties that still undermine the discovery of reliable neuroanatomical bases of dyslexia, and we outline some recommendations to further improve this research area.
     
     
    II:学前儿童认知发展的流行病学研究
    Epidemiology of Cognitive Development during the Pre-school Period    

     
    Hugo Peyre博士、副教授
    巴黎Robert Debré医院儿童与青少年精神病学科
    Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Robert Debré Hospital, Paris, France
     
    Hugo Peyre博士长期致力于儿童青少年认知发展的各种诊断和预测研究,参与了一项由法国政府支持的EDEN prospective mother–child cohort study,这是一项从孕期到青少年时期的追踪项目。他长期致力于此追踪项目的数据挖掘和分析,并做出了大量具有国际影响力的研究工作。
     
    时间:2016年12月1日 下午2-5点
    地点:北京师范大学 京师学堂大楼 第三学术报告厅(地下一层)

    附件:海报