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  • The Emerging Neuroscience of Third-Party Punishment: How the Brain Punishes Social Norm Violations
    马燚娜课题组邀请了George Mason University的Dr. Frank Krueger来实验室作报告,欢迎感兴趣的老师同学参加。信息如下:
    题  目:The Emerging Neuroscience of Altruistic Punishment: How the Brain Punishes Social Norm Violations
    报告人:Dr. Frank Krueger(Social Cognition and Interaction: Functional Imaging (SCI:FI) Lab, Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study, George Mason University)
    时  间:11月7日 上午10:00
    地  点:脑成像中心 308会议室
    Abstract: As an evolved behavior unique to humans, third-party punishment (wrongdoers are punished with retribution) of social norm violations was likely selected, because it enabled large-scale and long-term cooperation among genetically unrelated individuals by deterring free-riding and cheating. It probably emerged from more primitive and widespread forms of second-party punishment (victims retaliating themselves against their wrongdoers). Humans also are uniquely armed with moral intuitions (conscience and guilt), which we can think of as first-party punishment. Each of these levels of punishment was arguably necessary to permit our ancestors to live in their intensely social groups; however, the neural underpinnings of all three levels of punishment and their interactions remain obscure. A neuropsychological framework of third-party punishment will be proposed with foundations in both phylogeny and ontogeny that emphasizes all three layers of punishment. An argument will be made that human’s unique capacity for third-party punishment is not the result of a specialized cognitive module that specifically evolved for this social function, but rather that it builds on existing fundamental affective, motivational, and cognitive mechanisms and their underlying large-scale neural networks.